Zwinger, Dresden, Germany
1400AD - Present - Modern Era Germany

Zwinger Palace, Dresda

on
February 10, 2019

This post is also available in: roRomână

Type Palace
Year 1728
Location  Dresda, Germany, Europe
Opening Hours

Tuesday – Sunday – 10:00 -18:00

Monday- Closed

Getting there
  • Car
  • Plane
  • Train

 

Zwinger Palace 

Near the Semper Opera there is the Zwinger Palace, built in Baroque style at the beginning of the 18th century, at the order of Frederic Augustus, Elector of Saxony. The construction was inaugurated in 1719 although it was not finished. After 17 years of work, in 1728 the palace was completely finished. In 1945 the palace was bombed, much of it being destroyed. Reconstruction was done keeping the old style after drawings and photos.

The name “Zwinger” means “interval”, “intermediate space” and comes from the location of the palace between the old fortifications of the city. The Baroque palace has an interior courtyard, many Permoser sculptures, a bell pavilion and famous art collections. Do not miss “Other Meister” – you will find the famous Madonna Sistina de Rafael there. There is also a beautiful museum on the Siesta kings, “Rüstkammer”. Entrance is free for the palace, but some collections, such as the porcelain exhibition, have an entrance fee.

The complex, built between 1710 and 1732, includes 6 pavilions (connected by large galleries) and an interior courtyard.

Rampart Pavilion (Bastion Pavilion). The Rampart Pavillion, rich in sculptures, borders the central courtyard to the northeast and contains a statue of Hercules, created by the sculptor Balthasar Permoser.

Near the Rampart Pavilion there is a small inner courtyard with a baroque fountain with numerous nymphs and tritons statues (Greek sea goddesses with human bust and fishtail tails). The fountain is called Nymphenbad, meaning the Nimfelor Bath.

The Glockenspiel Pavilion (Carillon Pavilion) (the clock) is almost symmetrical with the Rampart Pavilion and is located opposite the inner courtyard. Initially, it was called “Stadtpavilion” but it was renamed after 1924 – 1936, it was added to the carillon (the ensemble of bells).

The Crown Gate (Kronentor / Crown Gate), the beautiful baroque gate of the palace. Above the gate is a huge crown, decorated with golden motifs. The statues embedded in the gate fences represent the 4 seasons.

In 1841, the construction of a new wing, known as Semperbau, began. A wing is also called the Painting Gallery, because it hosts the Gemäldegalerie Alter Meister (The Old Masters Gallery), a museum that contains world-famous works of famous artists, such as Van Dyck, Vermeer, Rubens, Titian and Rafael (Madonna Sixtina). The wing also houses a museum, the Rüstkammer (Arsenal), also known as the History Museum, with a large collection of weapons from the 15th to 18th centuries.

In the other wings of the Zwinger palace you will find even more museums, including the Porzellansammlung, a collection of porcelain, located in the gallery on the left of the Crown Gate. The Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon, located near the Rampart Pavilion, is a museum exhibiting a collection of scientific instruments, including sextants, watches and globes.

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