2 mil BP-3300BC-Stone Age Best of Turkey

Göbekli Tepe – the oldest temple in the world

Göbekli tepe
Turkey’s Göbekli Tepe pre-dates the pyramids by 8 000 years and the Stonehenge by 6000 years.
TypeAncient Temple, Religious
Age11 000 years
Year9000 BC
LocationÖrencik, Şanlıurfa Province, Turkey

11 000 years ago Göbekli Tepe was built

  • Göbekli Tepe was built in 9 000 B.C and was discovered in 1960 but nobody recognized its significance at the time. It was only when the site was “rediscovered” in 1994 that Göbekli Tepe’s true significance was revealed. 
  • Monumental structures were erected by groups of hunter-gatherers in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period.
  • Turkey’s Göbekli Tepe pre-dates The Pyramids by 8 000 years and the Stonehenge by 6 000 years.
  • Probably the site was buried around 8 000 B.C. for unknown reasons.
  • Göbekli Tepe is one of the first manifestations of human-made architecture.
  • Italian archaeoastronomer Giuglio Magli from Milano Polytechnical University propounds that Göbeklitepe temples may have been built for observing Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky.

The structure

  • The pillars of the building are arranged in circles and ovals and each structure consists of two large columns, arranged centrally, surrounded by other smaller pillars, facing inwards.
  • More than 200 pillars and about 20 circles are known (May 2020) through geophysical surveys.
  • The site testifies to innovative building techniques, including the integration T-shaped limestone pillars
  • Pillars are carved with images of wild animals such as foxes, scorpions, lions, leopards, eagles, wild boars, spiders, and snakes. Other pillars display pictograms that may be sacred symbols. The center pillar in Temple D displays the moon and sun. Astronomer, B. G. Sidharth believes the sun and moon signs imply a solar eclipse.

Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons