Library of Celsus, Ephesus - Ancient port city | Turkey
1200BC-500BC-Iron Age Turkey

Ephesus | Efes – The Great Ancient Port City of Turkey

February 17, 2020
TypeAncient city
Year10th century BC
Age3000 years
Builder Attic and Ionian Greek colonists
Abandoned 15th century AD
Hours / Tickets
1 April – 31 October
Opening time: 08:00
Closing time: 19:30
31 October – 1 April
Opening time: 08:30
Closing time: 18:00
Ticket Office closing hours:
Summer Period: 18:30
Winter Period: 17:00
Ticket Price:
Getting aroundThe ancient site of Ephesus can be seen entirely on foot.
There are two entry/exit points about 3 km apart.
Toilets are available at each entry gate but not in the general site.
The upper Magnesia gate is the better gate to enter, allowing you to walk downhill to and exit at the lower harbor gate.
The entire ruins are easily covered on foot within two hours.
By BUS – from Izmir or Istanbul
The closest airport: Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport (ADB)
By train – from Izmir airport
By cruise ship via the nearby port of Kuşadası
LocationAcarlar, Efes Harabeleri, 35920 Selçuk/İzmir, Turkey

Ephesus (Efes) – home of Temple of Artemis

Ephesus or Efes was an important Greek port city, a remarkable cultural and commercial center.

Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world is part of Ephesus, this mega ancient city, whose unique architectural monuments have been standing for thousands of years.

Excavations have revealed grand monuments of the Roman Imperial period including the Library of Celsus and the Great Theatre.

Travel tips and tricks:

Ephesus has two entrance gates. The Lower Gate is the one nearest to Selçuk village and has a large parking lot where all of the tour buses await the day-trippers. The Upper Gate has no parking space and is situated along the road that goes towards the House of the Virgin Mary.

Have Light-colored clothes and Sun hats. Get plenty of water with you. During the Summer is very hot.

Ephesus and The legends:

One legend says Ephesus was founded by the Amazons, a tribe of female warriors, and that the city was named after their queen, Ephesia.

Another legend says that in the year of 10 BC, Ionian prince Androclos, the son of King of Athens-Kodros, was searching a location for establishing a site.

It was predicted by the oracle of Delphi that a fish and a boar would show the location of the new city. Days later while frying a fish fell down from the pan, irritating a hiding boar behind the bushes. The feared boar escaped immediately. Androclos followed the boar and established the city of Ephesus, where he killed the boar.

Important facts about Ephesus:

Ephesus is considered one of the great outdoor museums of Turkey.

The Ancient Romans knew the true shape of the world back in the 1st century AD. When you visit Ephesus you will see one foot of the main statue of Emperor Trajan resting on the world which was in the shape of a globe.

The first church dedicated to Virgin Mary is in Ephesus.

The same church is also known as one of the seven churches of the Apocalypse.

Ephesus was once a seaport and now 8 kilometers away from the sea.

The Ancient City of Ephesus was built 4 times in history and the present Ephesus is the 4th one.

The Virgin Mary lived the last years of her life in Turkey, here in a small cottage near Ephesus.

One of the seven wonders of the antiquity, Temple of Artemis, is at Ephesus.

The temple of Artemis is believed to be rebuilt 7 times.

The columns from the Temple of Artemis was 30 meters high.

The Grand Theatre in Ephesus has a seating capacity of 24000 and a high of 38 meters.

Visit sites:

  •  Magnesian Gate
  •  East Gymnasium
  •  Early Christian Basilica
  •  St Luke’s Grave
  •  Bath Of Varius Ephesus
  •  State Agora
  •  Temple Of Isis
  •  Basilica
  •  Hydrekdocheion
  •  Hellenistic City Wall
  •  Odeon
  •  Temenos
  •  Prytaneion
  •  Domitian Square
  •  Temple Of Domitian
  •  Fountain Of Pollio
  •  Hercules Gate
  •  Memmius Monument
  •  Curetes Street
  •  Fountain Of Trajan
  •  Terrace Houses
  •  Scholastica Baths
  •  Temple Of Hadrian
  •  Latrines
  •  Octagon
  •  Brothel
  •  Hadrian’s Gate
  •  Heroon
  •  Celsus Library
    • This must be the most iconic image of Ephesus. It is featured in almost any Turkish travel brochure. The Celsus Library was the third largest library of the ancient world, with a capacity of 12.000 scrolls. 
  •  Gate Of Mazeus
  •  Temple Of Serapis
  •  Commercial Agora
  •  Marble Road
  •  Ephesus Grand TheatreEphesus - Ancient port city | Turkey
  •  Big Riot Against Paul
  •  Theatre Gymnasium
  •  Arcadian Street
  •  Harbour Baths
  •  Harbour Gymnasium
  •  The Double Churches
  •  Ephesus Stadium
  •  Vedius Gymnasium

Around Ephesus

  • Temple Of ArtemisTemple of Artemis , Ephesus - Ancient port city | Turkey
  •  House Of Virgin Mary
  •  Basilica Of St John
  •  Ephesus Museum
  •  Isa Bey Mosque
  •  Seven Sleepers
  •  Sirince Village
  •  Selcuk