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1200BC-500BC – Iron Age

Rome Holiday and Trips 3000 years old tourist attractions (1200 BC – 500 BC)

During this time:

  • Ancient Greek civilization flourishes in Greece and the Mediterranean,
  • In Egypt the dawn of a new era starts and the New Kingdom rises. It is time of  King Tut (Tutankhamun), Hatshepsut, Akhenaten/Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ramses.
  • Romulus founds the city of Rome
  • The Founding of the Roman Republic happened
  • The New Babylonian Empire
  • King David ruled United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
  • Probably the time of Homer
  • The Gandhara Civilization flourishes in what is today the northern portion of Pakistan and Afghanistan,
  • Chavin civilization in Peru manufactures gold goods,
  • The Olmec civilization springs from the grouping of ancient villages along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico,
  • San Lorenzo becomes the great ceremonial centre of the Olmec civilization,
  • The Olmec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica,
  • The Urartu civilization flourishes in ancient Armenia, eastern Turkey and western Iran.
  • China introduced books around this time.
  • The oldest know shipwreck dates to about this time, the era of the fall of Troy. It was found off the southern coast of Turkey at Uluburun (Big Nose/Cape) by Dr. George Bass in 1984. [see 4431BC]
  • The Trojan War is usually dated to this period.
  • At Abu Simbel, Egypt, Ramses II constructed The Great Temple in his own honor and the Small Temple in honor of his wife Nefertari. Engulfed by sand over the centuries, the temples lay hidden until discovered by a Swiss traveler in 1813. The temples are moved under a 4 year UNESCO project when in 1964 the rising waters behind the Aswan High Dam threaten to drown them.
  • A black-bronze statue of the falcon-faced god Horus, now in the French Louvre, dates to this time.
  • Horemheb, the last pharaoh of Egypt’s 18th Dynasty, died about this time and was buried in the Valley of the Kings.
  • The great Minoan Culture on Crete, including art, architecture, and trade routes, disappeared. It is believed that an earthquake caused a tsunami which wiped out the culture and a Minoan city of 150,000 people.
Ostia Antica, Rome, Holiday and Trips


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1200BC-500BC - Iron Age Europe Italy

Ostia Antica – the harbor city of ancient Rome

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June 10, 2018
Ostia would have been a busy port town, exotic and full of life. Now is an archaeological site where you can travel 2600 years back in the past.
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Holiday and Trips rome


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1200BC-500BC - Iron Age Europe Italy

Rome – dancing on a 2700-years-old land

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May 19, 2018
Rome is known as the "Eternal city". Concrete was a Roman invention used on many structures such as the Pantheon, the Colosseum and the Roman Forum, which are still standing today thanks to the development of Roman cement and concrete.
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