Tourist attractions from 500 Before Common Era till 400 Common Era, Ancient Times
During this period:
Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
Sophocles added valuable elements to the developing tragic drama
Empedocles (d.430BC), Greek philosopher, was born. He is best known for being the originator of the cosmogenic theory of the four classical elements
467 BC – A meteorite crashed to earth and convinced Greek philosopher Anaxagoras that heavenly bodies were not divine beings. He became the world’s earliest figure to be indicted for atheism.
It is the time of Alexander the Great. A great ruler and conqueror, he spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and he created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India
447BC – 432BC The marble friezes of the Parthenon were carved.
350BC The kingdom of Illyria emerged in the region of Shkoder in what is now Albania.
330BC – 320BC A Temple of Zeus was built at Nemea, Greece, on the foundations of an earlier temple.
The Nazca civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
87BC Haley’s comet was observed.
37BC King Herod reigned over Judea
2BC Jupiter and Venus drew close together and appeared to fuse as a single star. This was later thought to be the Biblical star of Bethlehem.
1BC Start of the revised Julian calendar in Rome.
1CE The celebrated birth of Christ in Bethlehem. The birth of Jesus is celebrated on Dec. 25th because the Romans needed to replace the pagan holiday called the Feast of the Unconquered Sun. In Ethiopia Jan 7 is the day that Christmas is celebrated. According to the gospel of Matthew, Joseph soon fled with his family to Egypt following a decree by Herod that ordered all boys of Bethlehem under age 2 to be put to death. The gospels of Luke and Matthew are inconsistent on historical facts. Christ’s birth on this day was officially set by the Roman Church in 336AD
1CE As long as 2,000 years ago, a Native Indian People later known as the Cherokee, lived in the area of the Southern Appalachians who had probably split from the Iroquois about this time.
c29-30CE John the Baptist was beheaded by King Herod, perhaps at whim of Salome.
30 CE Jesus of Nazareth was crucified [see 33AD]. Christ died on hill of Golgotha, Jerusalem. His path along the Via Dolorosa was later disputed as to whether he was tried by Pontius Pilate at the palace of Herod or at the Roman fortress of Antonia. His death was at an abandoned quarry, the site of today’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre
30-33 CE St. John wrote the “Book of Revelations” and the “Apocalypse” on the Greek island of Patmos.
71CE Vespasian and his son Titus paraded the treasure plundered from Jerusalem in triumph through the streets of Rome. They used the 50 tons of gold and silver to help finance the building of the Colosseum.
75-450 CE Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
79CE Pompeii was buried by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.
80CE The Colosseum was inaugurated under Emp. Titus (Vespacian) with 100 days of gladiator combat.
299-311 The period of Christian persecutions begun by Diocletian.
250 CE – 950 CE The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal, Copan and Uxmal.
One of the masterpieces of Louvre museum, Venus de Milo is believed to depict Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty; however, some scholars claim it is the sea-goddess Amphitrite, venerated on Milos.
Roman Temple Pantheon - temple of all the gods. One of the oldest Man-Made building in the world still standing and in use. It is the best preserved and largest Roman building old building in the world with original roof intact.