|Type||Monument | Neoclassical with eclectic influences|
|Location||Rome, Italy, Europe|
|Visit Hours||Monday –Sunday: 9:30 am – 7:30 pm (last admission at 6:45 pm)|
25 December and 1 January: closed
|Tickets||Free entry in the building |
Youth (aged less than 18) and seniors (aged over 65): 3,50€.
|Getting there||– Car, Metro, Bus|
– Metro station: Colosseo, line B
– Bus: 40 (you can take it from Termini station). Other buses: 44, 84, 780, 810.
Altare della Patria – Rome from the Sky
The major attraction at Altare della Patria is the glass-walled elevator to the top, called Rome from the Sky, and it has stunning panoramic views of Rome from its roof. One side overlooks most of Rome with all the domes scattered throughout the skyline and St. Peter’s Basilica in the distance while the other side is the Roman Forum and the Colosseum.
The Altare della Patria, also known as the Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II (“National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II”) or Il Vittoriano, is a monument built in honor of Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome, Italy.
The colossal monument, which is 135 meters wide and 70 meters high, is comprised of scores of majestic Corinthian columns and endless stairs, all carved in white marble. The top is crowned with an equestrian sculpture of Victor Emmanuel cast in bronze and two chariots driven by the goddess Victoria.
Marble – Initially Altare della Patria had to be made of Carrara marble, but the too high cost of this precious material (the same used by Michelangelo), made the choice of Botticino marble (near Brescia), which presents a more “Hot”, tending to yellow.
The equestrian statue of the King
The statue of King Vittorio Emanuele II was made with 50 tons of bronze obtained by fusing the army cannons of the Kingdom of Italy. The horse is 12 meters long and was transported in pieces and reassembled on the spot.
The tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Since 1921, the Altare della Patria Monument holds the tomb of the unknown soldier, built under the statue of goddess Roma, a place in which the eternal flame shines and which is always guarded by two soldiers. The body of the unknown soldier was chosen on 26 October 1921 from among 11 unknown remains by Maria Bergamas, a woman from Gradisca d’Isonzo whose only child was killed during World War I. Her son’s body was never recovered. The selected unknown was transferred from Aquileia, where the ceremony with Bergamas had taken place, to Rome, and buried in a state funeral on 4 November 1921.
Few people know that the architect of the monument, Sacconi, almost died of a stroke, or possibly of a broken heart, because of all of the abuse that he suffered to complete the project. In order to celebrate the unification of Italy and create the Altar of the Nation, he intended to reproduce the “Pergamon”, the splendid Greek monument also known as the “ara di Pergamo” (the arc of Pergamo) that had been unearthed and reconstructed in Berlin.
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